UK Mobility Scooters - Laws and Legislation

The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulations 1988

Class 2- Mobility Scooters

Class 2 mobility scooters are only for riding on pavements or footpaths. They have a maximum speed of 4 mph (6 kph). It is illegal to use these on the roads.

Class 3- Mobility Scooters

Class 3 mobility scooters are able to be used on roads,they have a maximum speed of 8 mph (12 kph). The maximum weight for a class 3 mobility scooter is 150 kg. (mobility scooter weight without a driver).

Class 3 mobility scooters can also be used on pavements or footpaths but must be switched to have a maximum speed of 4mph(6 kph).

Class 3 mobility scooters drivers do not need to have a driving licence or have to take a driving test. Although, we do recommend taking some form of training where available.

Drivers must be at least 14 years old.

Class 3 invalid carriages must have the following features:

A maximum unladen weight of 150kg
A maximum width of 0.85 metres
A device to limit its speed to 4mph
A maximum speed of 8mph
An efficient braking system
Front and rear lights and reflectors
Direction indicators able to operate as a hazard warning signal
An audible horn
A rear view mirror
An amber flashing light if it's used on a dual carriageway.

Mobility scooters can cause considerable damage either to the mobility scooter driver or to others if they are involved in a collision with somebody or something.

This information is for the safety of not only the mobility scooter user but all other road users and pedestrians. You are responsible for yours and others safety if you are using your mobility scooter on the roads or on a pavement or in a pedestrianised area.

If you are a new mobility scooter user or have not used one for a considerable amount of time we recommend that you consider attending a training course. To find details of what courses are available contact your local disabled living centre, mobility centre or your local authority road safety unit.

Larger roadworthy mobility scooters need to be registered with the "DVLA". At the time of writing DVLA will automatically renew vehicle registrations annually for all "Class 3" mobility scooters.

Mobility Scooter Advice

Make sure that you get a mobility scooter that meets your personal needs. It is possible to get an assessment and advice from your local occupational therapist.

Maintenance is a key issue. Be sure that your mobility scooter is properly maintained. It is necessary to carry out routine checks. Advice on this will be included in manuals with any new scooter. Often user manuals can be found online should you lose yours or if you have purchased a used or second hand mobility scooter.

Try to keep your battery fully charged as often as possible. It is also a good idea to get to know how far your scooter goes before it will need recharging again. This distance will shorten depending on the age of the battery or the weight on you mobility scooter. The length of travel can also be affected by: Cold weather, rough road surfaces and hills.

Insurance

It is not illegally required that you have insurance for a mobility scooter. However, we recommend that you do insure it at least third party. It would also be wise to be covered for fire, theft, and damage.
Class 2 mobility scooters can be taken on some buses or trains. You would need to check with the company to see if they would allow a mobility scooter onboard.

Drink-Driving on a mobility scooter

When using mobility scooters, you are required to follow the Highway Codewhen driving one on the road. This means that drink-driving laws apply to you the same as a car driver.

Be Safe be Seen

You'll know how difficult it can sometimes be to see pedestrians wearing dark clothes at night or when visibility is poor. Make sure you can easily be seen near traffic. This is an issue for all road users.

On dull days wear bright or fluorescent colours

Special high-visibility tabards and other clothing can be bought from many retailers
Fluorescent armbands can also be worn over coats and other clothing
Bags are also available in bright colours or with high-visibility strips
If walking near traffic at night reflective clothing is needed
Reflective clothing reflects light from car and bike headlamps
Reflective armbands and clothing can be bought from many retailers
Remember that fluorescent colours do not show up in the dark

Make sure what you are using anything to protect you does not restrict your vision. Always put on your lights so other road users can see you.

Do not carry another person on you on the mobility scooter.

Mobility scooters are built to carry a single person. A second person could still be well within the maximum weight limit but they could cause the mobility scooter to become unstable and tip over.

Don't overload your mobility scooter with shopping or other goods.This could make the mobility scooter unstable. Do not use the handlebarsto hang things from. This will make it more difficult for you to control the mobility scooter.

Pedestrians have right of way

Always be aware of other road usersand pedestrians. Pedestrians may not see or hear you, especially when you approach from behind. Look carefully before you set off or if you are changing direction.

When riding your mobility scooter on the footpath, you must give way to pedestrians.

On the road

For you to drive on the road (this does not include crossing the road) you must have a class 3 mobility scooter. It must have headlights, rear lights, flashing indicators and a horn.

When using a mobility scooter on the road, you must follow the same rules as other traffic.

At night, you must have your headlights and rear lights on.

Mobility scooters are not permitted on dual carriageways with a speed limit of 50mph and over, motorways, bus lanes or cycle tracks.

Use your hazard lights if you come into difficulty for any reason, or if you are in a dangerous situation. Never drive with them on unless necessary.

Do not park your scooter where it would cause an obstruction and make it difficult for others to use the pavement or footpath.